Dr. Debasish Sinha is the Jennifer Salvitti Davis, M.D. Chair in Ophthalmology Research and Professor of Ophthalmology, Cell Biology and Developmental Biology. He is also an adjunct faculty, Ophthalmology, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Department of Environmental Health & Engineering, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. His major research focus is to understand the mechanisms that regulate lysosome/autophagy degenerative process in retinal pigmented-epithelial cells that contribute to the early stages of age-related macular degeneration.
- Zigler JS Jr. et al. Mutation in the bA3/A1-crystallin gene impairs phagosome degradation in the retinal pigmented epithelium of the rat. Journal of Cell Science (2011), 124: 523-531. PMID: 21266465.
- Valapala M et al. Impaired endolysosomal function disrupts Notch signaling in optic nerve astrocytes. Nature Communications (2013), 4: 1629. PMID: 23535650.
- Valapala M et al. Lysosomal-mediated waste clearance in retinal pigmented epithelial cells is regulated by CRYBA1/bA3/A1-crystallin via V-ATPase-MTORC1 signaling. Autophagy (2014), 10(3): 480-496. PMID: 24468901.
- Valapala M et al. Increased Lipocalin-2 in the retinal pigment epithelium of Cryba1 cKO mice is associated with a chronic inflammatory response. Aging Cell (2014), 13(6): 1091-4. PMID: 25257511.
- Shang P et al. The amino acid transporter SLC36A4 regulates the amino acid pool in retinal pigmented epithelial cells and mediates the mechanistic target of rapamycin, complex 1 signaling. Aging Cell (2017), 16 (2): 349-359. PMID: 28083894.
- Ghosh S et al. Activating the AKT2-nuclear factor-kB-lipocalin-2 axis elicits an inflammatory response in age-related macular degeneration. The Journal of Pathology (2017), 241(5): 583-588. PMID: 28026019.
- Ghosh S et al. A Role for bA3/A1-Crystallin in Type 2 EMT of RPE Cells Occurring in Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science (2018), 59(4): AMD104-AMD113. PMID: 30098172.
- Wang J et al. ATAC-Seq analysis reveals a widespread decrease of chromatin accessibility in age-related macular degeneration. Nature Communications (2018), 9(1): 1364. PMID: 29636475.
- Ghosh S et al. Neutrophils homing into the retina trigger pathology in early age-related macular degeneration. Communications Biology, (2019), 2: 348. PMID: 31552301.
- Yazdankhah M et al. Modulating EGFR/MTORC1/Autophagy as a potential therapy for Persistent Fetal Vasculature (PFV) disease. Autophagy (2020), 16(6): 1130-1142. PMID: 31462148.
Research Interest Summary
Our laboratory is interested in understanding the role of glia and glia-like cells (retinal pigmented epithelium) in ocular health and disease. We use genetically engineered mouse and spontaneous mutant rat models as tools to decipher functions of these cells in health and disease. The diseases we focus on are (1) Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) (2) Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) and (3) Persistent Fetal Vasculature (PFV).
Christopher Fitting, BS, Research Techician
Stacey Hose, BA, Laboratory Manager
Peng Shang, PhD, Postdoctoral Associate
Meysam Yazdankhah, PhD, Postdoctoral Associate
Nadezda Stepicheva, PhD, Postdoctoral Associate
Sayan Ghosh, PhD, Postdoctoral Associate
Haitao Liu, PhD, Postdoctoral Associate
Urvi Gupta, Pre-Professional Scholars Program in Medicine - Case Western Reserve University, Research Trainee
RPB/IRRF Catalyst Award for innovative research approaches to AMD
F. Hoffman-La Roche Ltd, Switzerland
Astellas Pharma, Inc., Japan
National Eye Institute, NIH
UAB Nathan Shock Center of Excellence in the Basic Biology of Aging
UPMC Immune Transplant and Therapy Center
Department of Ophthalmology, UPMC, start-up funds